Temple of Kom Ombo – 180-47 BC
One of the most ancient land marks of Egypt is the famous Kom ombo temple which is situated in the Kom ombo town. It was built in 180 BC when the Ptolemaic dynasty was ruling on the country. The temple is an excellent piece of art by the ancient Egyptian people. It is dedicated to the Egyptian Gods.
The temple is a force of attraction for not only the historians and the archeologists but also to the architects and the designers. It is a double storey building representing the two believes and faith of the early Egyptians.
The lower part of the temple is made for the sobek God which is a crocodile about which the people of Egypt believe that it has created the world along with Hathor and Khonsu who were the Gods also.
The upper portion of the building is for the bird God called Haroeris with the sister God called Tasenetnofret who is associated with the God called Hathor and the God of two lands called Panebtawy.
The temple is standing on the main axis according to the co-ordinated which reflects the mind and creative thinking. After it construction many rulers of the dynasty has made additions to the building. In 51 BC the famous king of the dynasty Ptolemy XIII added inner and outer halls of the building.
The most interesting thing about the addition of the king Ptolemy XIII is the paintings and the carving on the walls of the hall which shows the diagrams of instruments used in the surgeries. It has halls and courts.
It has faced destruction many times and in many ways with the passage of time. It was destroyed by the earth quakes and floods from the Nile River.
Some of its material has been used for the other surrounding buildings. It has also served for the Christians as a church. It was restored in 1893. Till now archeologists have found above three hundred mummies of crocodiles which are now a part of a museum.